28 February 2009

Ways to Tell Your Man You Love Him: Some cute dating tips

You dreamed of meeting that special man all of your life. You pictured how you would feel and how great it would be to say those three magical words, I love you. Yet, now that the time has come, you are scared.

You are not scared of being rejected. You know your man loves you as much as you love him. You are scared that it may not be romantic or it may not be memorable.

First, relax. Remember this is your life and not a television show or a romantic movie. Fireworks will not automatically explode after you say these special words, I love you. Your man is not even expecting it.

What is he expecting? 

Romance? Fun? For you to be yourself?

Now relax, take a deep breath and see if any of these ideas will help inspire you with ideas on how to say I love you to the man you love.

Idea Number 1 on saying I love you 

Go the traditional route. Plan a wonderful meal. If you are a good to exceptional cook, you can do the work yourself. If you can't cook, buy the food all ready prepared for you. Be sure to set the table in a romantic way. Bring out the candles and your best china. Now play some soft background music. Allow the mood to linger and then when the time is right look into his soulful
eyes and say I love you.

Idea Number 2 on saying I love you

Do you and your man have a special spot that you share? It could be the place you met or where you went on your first date. This special place could even be an amusement park or where your
favorite team plays.

Visit this place together. During the normal conversation, stop. Take your man's hand. Look deep into his eyes. Tell him how much you have been enjoying the night and finally tell him that you love him.

Idea Number 3 on saying I love you 

Wait until the end of the next perfect date with your man. Kiss him goodnight. Make sure it is a long, steamy kiss. As you linger, still standing within his arms look at him in the eyes and say I love you.

Idea Number 4 saying I love you 

Okay, you are not brave enough to say the words straight out, you need a little help. You could try these shy approaches. Send your guy some flowers. If you think your guy is the type of guy who would appreciate you sending them to his work, do so. He might like the idea of his coworkers seeing how lucky he is. Now attached a handwritten note and say something cute like,
just trying to get the guts to say I love you.

If the flowers are still a bit much for you, try sending your guy an ecard. You can find tons of these across the internet. Find one that has great eye appeal. Just make sure it isn't too funny and it states the words I love you. 

Saying I love you to this man who you feel is the man of your dreams can be liberating. It can even help to open the doors to the future, hopefully your bright future with him.

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Feeling Stressed: Track your Body Signs

The work,job and workplace stress has always been a point of concern, but what we require more is stress management tips,techniques and guide that is how to manage stress so that we can reduce our stress through stress relaxation yoga to remove anxiety, depression and other stress disorder which gives a boost to your mental Health.
To know weather you are in stress just follow your body sign and undergo a stress test:
Today's world surely produces more stressed out people than in decades past. The growing demands of family, career, and finances converge to render us overwhelmed by stress. How to
know if you are stressed varies depending on the person involved. What may produce stress for one person may be just considered typical everyday activities for another. 
Listening to your body closely is the best way how to know if you are stressed. Stress produces a variety of physical and emotional manifestations that are hard to miss if you are vigilant. 
One way how to know if you are stressed is to examine how you are sleeping. If you have trouble falling asleep, are restless once asleep, awaken often in the middle of the night, and/or have difficulty getting out of bed in the morning, stress may very well be the culprit. It's hard to shut off our days simply because the lights have gone out. 
Another way how to know if you are stressed is if you are experiencing the variety of physical symptoms that are identified as stress related. 
  • High blood pressure, 
  • stomach problems, 
  • chest pains,
  • increased heart rate, 
  • headaches, 
  • lowered sex drive, and 
  • a myriad of other physical signs can be stress related. 
If you are experiencing one or more of these symptoms it's advisable to see a medical professional; your body is trying to tell you something. 
Additionally, emotional manifestations are another way how to know if you are stressed. Having bouts of 
  • depression, 
  • the inability to concentrate, 
  • anxiety attacks, and 
  • a loss in interest in normally enjoyable activities 
could all be associated with stress. In short, anything that varies from your normal behavior or temperament should be monitored closely. 
How to know if you are stressed can be difficult sometimes; simply because the very thing that we're looking for has the ability to render us foggy and indecisive. Stress can be extraordinarily dangerous. When high levels of stress are consistently present in our lives – long term rather than just a stressful event that soon passes – are bodies tend to succumb to the pressure. As a result, we suffer physically, emotionally, and even socially. 
However, there are many steps you can take to battle stress appropriately. 
  • Increasing daily physical exercise has an enormous effect on stress – bringing stress levels down and relieving the body of tension. 
  • It may be trite but relaxation is the best way to lower stress. No matter what is going on in your life, it is imperative to take time for yourself. If you don't give your body and mind some intermittent downtime you are going to burn out; no one person can operate on high levels of stress indefinitely. 
How to know if you are stressed? Listen up. Because your body is telling you everything you need to know.
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Makeup Ideas For All Women

Women wear make-up for various reasons. In the first instance,
women use make-up to beautify their face - to improve their best
qualities and to improve their weak points. Women, since time,
have always had problems with aging - growing old and looking
old. However, not all types of make-up is right for you. Women
who have just learned how to use make-up usually get overexcited
and head out the door to buy the latest products in order to
sport the latest trends in make-up, without taking into account
their age and complexion, which they will think are the best .
As a means to fight against the cruel effects of time in terms
of their beauty is concerned, women use different techniques,
including various make-up ideas.

It is important to use make-up that is appropriate to your age.
The make-up idea is great advice, so you can avoid looking fake
or appearing too over made-up. While the make-up can help you
appear young and fresh, you may also appear worn out if it is
not applied correctly. There are techniques that will help you
decide whether to buy a lipstick with a bright shade to go with
the darker hue.

If you are young, you do not have to wear too much make-up,
because time is on your side: your youth is your greatest asset.
Play it and emphasize that, instead of having it hidden under
layers of make-up. In addition, this is a time in your life when
acne breakouts typically occurs. In order to avoid problems with
acne, wear make-up only if necessary, for example, during a big
school happening or on a date. Go for absolute basic foundation,
which is water-based and water-oil-free, eyeshadow in natural
colors, no or very little mascara, clear gel blush if you have
dry skin and powder blush if you have oily skin and lightly
tinted lip gloss.

If you're twenty-something, your make-up should reflect the
full bloom of womanhood. The idea is to choose colors that match
the colour of your eyes, skin tone, and disposition, and to keep
everything light and easy. Use a basic light foundation, light
powder blush, and lightly tinted lipstick. During the evening
affairs, you can switch to the sophisticated look by choosing
darker shades..

If you are a thirty-something, signs of ageing may have started
to appear on your face, including the crows feet and fine lines.
This is the time when the need to tone down your make-pallets.
Use more Foundation, but nonetheless decide to use light blush
and eyeshadow. Frosted make-up products are intended for women
in this age category, but actually the frosted make-up only
increases your wrinkles, so try not to use them.

If you are a forty-something, signs of aging are more obvious.
In order to avoid further damage to the skin, wear make-up,
which offers protection and is made of fine ingredients. Use
oil-based foundation, if you have dry skin or powder foundation
if you have oily skin, and lay the foundation lightly on your
wrinkles. For the darks spots and dark circles under your eyes,
use concealer, preferably in the form of cream to give you color
and warmth, use light blush on your cheeks. When you enter
fifty, do not use blue and red shades, as well as frosty, silver
or shiny colors.

With these make-up ideas, you will look beautiful at any age.
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26 February 2009

Eggs help reduce High BP

Here's another reason for egg lovers to savour their favourite food - it helps lower high blood pressure.
  • Canadian researchers have found that egg proteins can help reduce BP in hypertensive patients.
  • Earlier studies have suggested that eggs provide high-quality protein for growth, muscle strength and energy and promote weight.
  • Its key nutrients also help reduce the risk of neural tube birth defects and promote eye health.
  •  In the new study led by Jianping Wu and Kaustav Majumder have found several different peptides in boiled and fried eggs that act as potent ACE inhibitors.
  •  And fried eggs have the highest ACE inhibitory activity.
  •  The scientists showed that enzymes in the stomach and small intestine produce these peptides from eggs.
  •  Egg consumption has significantly reduced over the years amid concerns about cholesterol - risk factor for heart disease.
  • However, recent studies do suggest that healthy people can eat eggs without increasing their heart disease risk.
  • Researchers have shown that eggs have insignificant impact on cholesterol levels.
  •  The new study has also shown that eggs help reduce hypertension- another risk factor for heart disease.
 The findings appear in Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. (ANI)
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25 February 2009

A. R. Rahman's profile: The story of "jai ho composition"

It was a remarkable journey from Chennai to Hollywood for music maestro Allah Rakha Rahman who today made a billion Indians proud, adding another feather in his cap by bagging two Oscars for his score in "Slumdog Millionaire" .

It was a 'Jai ho' for the soft-spoken Rahman, hailed by Time Magazine as the 'Mozart of Madras', when he walked to receive the award for Best Original Score and Best Song 'Jai Ho'.

The 'Mozart of Madras', who redefined contemporary Indian music and has been a role model for millions of Indians, has already won a Golden Globe and a BAFTA for his music in Oscar-winning film "Slumdog Millionaire"

The 43-year-old music wizard, who has enthralled audience in the country and abroad with his heartwarming symphonies, is creating waves on the international stage with his composition in "Slumdog Millionaire" .

Born as Dileep Kumar in a musically affluent family in Chennai on January 6, 1966, he changed his name to Allah Rakha Rahman after his family converted to Islam in the late 1980's.

Rahman was forced to shoulder the responsibilities of his family at the age of nine after his father RK Shekhar, who was a composer, arranger and conductor for Malayalam movies, died due to illness.

The music genius came to the limelight with his music for a Bombay Dyeing ad and Leo Coffee in 1980's which became very popular.

But the major break in his career came when noted filmmaker Mani Ratnam approached Rahman, who was then a keyboard player with composer Illayaraja, to compose for his film 'Roja' in 1992.

The music of the film, which was a refreshing change from the run-of-the-mill renditions, made Rahman a star overnight and brought him his maiden Best Music Director trophy at the National Film Awards, the first time ever by a debutante film composer.

Rahman was introduced to the Hindi film industry in Ram Gopal Verma's "Rangeela". The music of the film became a rage and the genius continued to give some brilliant compositions for films such as "Bombay", "Dil Se", "Taal", "Lagaan" and "Rang De Basanti" among others.

What made Rahman's music click with the listeners was the refreshing use of percussions, sound and melody, most of which were inspired from the Indian folk music.

Rahman developed a trademark by mixing traditional Indian tunes with International beats from African drums to electronic funk. The composer is also famous for his fondness to the newest sound and technologies in the world of music.

His 1998 super-hit composition 'chaiyya chaiyya' which was deeply rooted in Sufi mysticism, became a rage among Indians and is still considered one of the best compositions of the musician.

Rahman gradually became a known face on the international platform and in 1999 he performed with Michael Jackson in Munich for 'Michael Jackson and Friends Concert'.

In 2002, he gave the music for his maiden stage production "Bombay Dreams" directed by legendary musical theatre composer, Andrew Lloyd Webber. Rahman's music was also a hit from London's "West End" to New York's "Broadway".

In 2004, with Finnish folk music band "Varttina", he composed the music for "The Lord of the Rings" theater production.

Rahman's composition "Jai Ho" for British director Danny Boyle's 'Slumdog Millionaire' has been lapped up by western audiences and made headlines when world renowned fashion designer John Galliano used it as a theme during his fashion show. The music has already earned him the Critics Choice Award for Best Composer in 2008 and the Golden Globe in the category of Best Original Score.

A four-time National Award winner, Rahman was honoured with the Padma Shri and received six awards at the Tamil Nadu State Film Awards, besides 11 awards for his scores at the Filmfare and Filmfare Awards South each.

In 2006, he received an honorary award from Stanford University for his contributions to global music. In 1995, he also received the Mauritius National Award and a Malaysian Award.

The music director, who is known for his humble demeanour, gave a new definition to patriotism with his modern rendition of 'Vande Mataram'. His latest tract 'Jiya Se Jiya' is another attempt to send the message of peace and love through music.

Rahman, who maintains a low-profile, tied the knot with Sairo Bano in 1995 and the couple has three children -- Khadijah, Rahima and Aman.

The music composer is also involved with charitable causes and had conducted concerts to raise funds for cancer patients.

In 2004, Rahman was appointed as the global ambassador of the Stop TB partnership, a project by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

He also recently launched the AR Rahman foundation, which is a step towards eradication of hunger and poverty.

kudos to rahman. jai ho.

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24 February 2009

Oscar results: Slumdog Millionaire takes Oscars by storms

Best picture "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"  "Frost/Nixon"  "Milk"  "The Reader" WINNER: "Slumdog Millionaire"

Director WINNER: Danny Boyle, "Slumdog Millionaire"  Stephen Daldry, "The Reader"  David Fincher, "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"  Ron Howard, "Frost/Nixon"  Gus Van Sant, "Milk"

Actor Richard Jenkins, "The Visitor"  Frank Langella, "Frost/Nixon"  WINNER: Sean Penn, "Milk"  Brad Pitt, "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"  Mickey Rourke, "The Wrestler"

Actress Anne Hathaway, "Rachel Getting Married"  Angelina Jolie, "Changeling"  Melissa Leo, "Frozen River"  Meryl Streep, "Doubt"  WINNER: Kate Winslet, "The Reader"

Supporting actor Josh Brolin, "Milk"  Robert Downey Jr., "Tropic Thunder"  Philip Seymour Hoffman, "Doubt"  WINNER: Heath Ledger, "The Dark Knight"  Michael Shannon, "Revolutionary Road"

Supporting actress Amy Adams, "Doubt"  WINNER: Penelope Cruz, "Vicky Cristina Barcelona"  Viola Davis, "Doubt"  Taraji P. Henson, "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button"  Marisa Tomei, "The Wrestler"

Animated feature "Bolt"  "Kung Fu Panda"  WINNER: "WALL-E"

Adapted screenplay "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," screenplay by Eric Roth, screen story by Eric Roth and Robin Swicord  "Doubt," written by John Patrick Shanley  "Frost/Nixon," screenplay by Peter Morgan  "The Reader," screenplay by David Hare  WINNER: "Slumdog Millionaire," screenplay by Simon Beaufoy

Original screenplay "Frozen River," written by Courtney Hunt  "Happy-Go-Lucky," written by Mike Leigh  "In Bruges," written by Martin McDonagh  WINNER: "Milk," written by Dustin Lance Black  "WALL-E," screenplay by Andrew Stanton, Jim Reardon; original story by Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter

Art direction "Changeling," James J. Murakami; set decoration: Gary Fettis  WINNER: "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Donald Graham Burt; set decoration: Victor J. Zolfo  "The Dark Knight," Nathan Crowley; set decoration: Peter Lando  "The Duchess," Michael Carlin; set decoration: Rebecca Alleway "Revolutionary Road," Kristi Zea; set decoration: Debra Schutt

Cinematography "Changeling," Tom Stern  "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Claudio Miranda  "The Dark Knight," Wally Pfister  "The Reader," Chris Menges and Roger Deakins  WINNER: "Slumdog Millionaire," Anthony Dod Mantle

Costume design "Australia," Catherine Martin  "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Jacqueline West  WINNER: "The Duchess," Michael O'Connor  "Milk," Danny Glicker  "Revolutionary Road," Albert Wolsky

Documentary feature "The Betrayal (Nerakhoon)"  "Encounters at the End of the World"  "The Garden"  WINNER: "Man on Wire"  "Trouble the Water"

Documentary short  "The Conscience of Nhem En"  "The Final Inch" WINNER: "Smile Pinki"  "The Witness -- From the Balcony of Room 306"

Film editing "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall  "The Dark Knight," Lee Smith  "Frost/Nixon," Mike Hill and Dan Hanley  "Milk," Elliot Graham  WINNER: "Slumdog Millionaire," Chris Dickens

Foreign language film "The Baader Meinhof Complex," Germany  "The Class," France  WINNER: "Departures," Japan  "Revanche," Austria  "Waltz with Bashir," Israel

Makeup WINNER: "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Greg Cannom  "The Dark Knight," John Caglione Jr. and Conor O'Sullivan  "Hellboy II: The Golden Army," Mike Elizalde and Thom Floutz

Original score "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Alexandre Desplat  "Defiance," James Newton Howard  "Milk," Danny Elfman  WINNER: "Slumdog Millionaire," A.R. Rahman 

"WALL-E," Thomas Newman

Original song "Down to Earth" from "WALL-E," music by Peter Gabriel and Thomas Newman, lyrics by Peter Gabriel  WINNER: "Jai Ho" from "Slumdog Millionaire," music by A.R. Rahman, lyrics by Gulzar  "O Saya" from "Slumdog Millionaire," music and lyrics by A.R. Rahman and Maya Arulpragasam

Animated short WINNER: "La Maison en Petits Cubes"  "Lavatory -- Lovestory"  "Oktapodi"  "Presto"  "This Way Up"

Live-action short  "Auf der Strecke (On the Line)"  "Manon on the Asphalt"  "New Boy"  "The Pig"  WINNER: "Spielzeugland"

Sound editing WINNER: "The Dark Knight," Richard King  "Iron Man," Frank Eulner and Christopher Boyes  "Slumdog Millionaire," Glenn Freemantle and Tom Sayers  "WALL-E," Ben Burtt and Matthew Wood  "Wanted," Wylie Stateman

Sound mixing "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," David Parker, Michael Semanick, Ren Klyce and Mark Weingarten  "The Dark Knight," Lora Hirschberg, Gary Rizzo and Ed Novick  WINNER: "Slumdog Millionaire," Ian Tapp, Richard Pryke and Resul Pookutty  "WALL-E," Tom Myers, Michael Semanick and Ben Burtt  "Wanted," Chris Jenkins, Frank A. MontaƱo and Petr Forejt

Visual effects WINNER: "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," Eric Barba, Steve Preeg, Burt Dalton and Craig Barron  "The Dark Knight," Nick Davis, Chris Corbould, Tim Webber and Paul Franklin  "Iron Man," John Nelson, Ben Snow, Dan Sudick and Shane Mahan

For more on the stars, the speeches and the spectacle, read the full story.
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23 February 2009

Deepak Saha: This real hero gave up IAS to develop villages

Deepak chose to turn his back on IAS and come to Bhagalpur to join Jaiprabha, his mother's NGO.
Banka District (Bihar): In CNN-IBN's Special Series Real Heroes, meet Deepak Saha, who could have been an IAS officer but shunned the life of comfort to transform 40 villages in his home state Bihar. Read more...
The semi-plateau terrain at the Bihar-Jharkhand border was a virgin experiment bowl for Deepak Saha, where not even a blade of grass grew. Today, this region has everything - right from well irrigated green lush fields, mango gardens, schools for kids, safe drinking water for all, vocational training centers for women folks-churning out new breed of women entrepreneurs, successful models of women's self help groups and health centers in every village.
Today, in this entire region, not a single soul lives below the poverty line and sex ratio has been completely reversed in favour of girl children.
"I started this social entrepreneurship. It was primarily because of the economic comfort my family background provided me. I really didn't have to think only about bread and butter and it gave me liberty and scope to do what I enjoyed doing the most. I wanted to be a social entrepreneur. "
It all started in 1990, when Deepak cracked the civil service exams. But instead of taking up a Government job, he chose to return back to Bhagalpur to join Jaiprabha, the NGO being run by his mother. After 18 years of long journey, today he looks back with contentment.
"The motto that our organisation has is towards self reliance. So we don't want the population to be dependent on what we are doing for them, but they should become self-reliant so that they are able to fend for themselves, so that once we are redundant, once we phase out of this area, they should be able to look after all this. People's participation is important," he says.
A usual day in Deepak's life starts early morning with newspapers and breakfast with the family members and soon after, he is on move to what he calls his experiment bowl. Nothing refreshes him more than joining children in their playground and playing Santa Claus to them.
Today, Deepak runs 13 such pre-schools, where dance and songs are the medium of teaching. After teaching at the school, he joins the mothers of the children for the weekly Self Help Group meetings. It's this initiative, which has had maximum impact on the lives and earnings of families. For the first time, females of this area can walk out of their houses and start their own ventures from the petty loans they take from their Self Help Groups. In this way, they are able to contribute to family income. Today, they walk tall and proud.
"It was almost seen as a economic enterprise. We didn't just want it to be some women gathering together and starting some small manufacturing unit or a small business enterprise. We started social engineering through these groups, to empower them. They started dressing better, had their own money and they had their own investments. They could take loans. We linked them up," explains Deepak.
Irrigation had been another stress area for this nearly barren plateau region. The answers came in the form of deep bore wells, de-silting of natural water bodies using satellite imageries and building check dam and using lift irrigation for farming.
"Just because of water problems whenever we used to go to the field and exert pressure on people to send the children to school, they would refuse to. They used the children as working hands because they did not have the means to sustain themselves. I realised the reason they were not able to sustain themselves was because the irrigation was very weak and primitive. It was absolutely monsoon dependent. They needed means of irrigation especially since this entire area is a plateau with a reverse from both sides. So we lifted the water high in this low lying area with the help of a check dam. It has been replicated in 10 villages and all their fields have become fertile. They are getting free crops, they are doing multi-cropping and the land is getting fertile," says Deepak.
Eighteen years of experimentation and consistent efforts has yielded desired results in this region.
Over 131 deep borewells and hand-pumps introduced by Jaiprabha provide safe drinking water to 100 per cent of the population of the region.
There has been not a single maternity death in the past three years.
Education in these villages is almost 100 per cent.
The Jaiprabha Vikas Kendra caters to the personality development of people by providing vocational training in arts, crafts, music, tailoring and other related activities.
Smiles on the faces of the children and the women cycling fearlessly in this Naxal infested area are just few reflections of how one intervention has made a world of difference for people of this region.
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22 February 2009

Mahashivratri : Its Importance in India and rituals performed and mahashivratri Aarti

This Video describes aptly the value and importance of mahashivratri in India at various places like varanasi, jammu, local villages, haridwar and in the heart of devotees. 
Jai Bhole Nath
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Mahashivratri Text SMS: Send these messages for free.

Send these text messages as SMS to your near and dear one to bless them with the blessings of Lord Shiva.
OM Namah Shivaya
SHIV ki jyoti se noor milta hai
sabke dilon ko suroor milta hai,
jo bhi jaata hai BHOLEY ke dwaar,
kuch na kuch zaroor milta hai
jai Shiv Onkara Har Shiv Onkara,
Brahma Vishnu Sadashiv Arddhagni Dhara,
Om Hara hara Mahaadevaa...
May the lord Shiva bless u.
May Lord Shiva Answer 
all your prayers
on Mahashivratri & always.
Om Namah Shivaya.
Maha Shivratri ke is pawan parv par 
safalta ka damru sadev aap ke liye bajta rahe.
"Jai Shiv Shankar Bholenath Ki"
Happy Mahashivratri 2009
Want to send online: visit www.160by2.com
Mahashivratri Video Song:
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Mahashivratri 2011 Date: Answer to What is the importance of Mahashivratri and all about Lord Nataraja Shiva , siva, Om Namah Shivaya, Rudraksha types and Importance , function of Shivpindi- shiv ling

falls on 
3rd March 2011 
when the Shiva principle descends to Earth 
a thousand times more than usual. 
On this day, to obtain the full benefit of 
Lord Shiva's principle, 
one should chant
'Om Namah Shivaya' 
as much as possible.

is the time when Shiva takes a rest. 
Shiva rests for one 'prahar' (three hours) of the night. 
This 'prahar' is referred to as the Shivratri. 
When Lord Shiva takes rest, the function of 
'Shivtatva' (Shiva Principle) ceases,
i.e. Lord Shiva goes into a meditative state.
Shiva's meditative state is the time when
He is engrossed in His own spiritual practice.
During that time, 
the 'Shivtatva' does not accept any tamogun 
(most base of the 3 elements in us - sattva, raja & tama)
any halahal (venom churned from the ocean)
coming from the Universe. 
As a result,
the ratio of halahal or the pressure 
of the negative energies increases. 
For protection from this pressure, things like
'bilva patra', white flowers, 'rudraksha' beads etc
are offered to Lord Shiva. 
These things attract the 'Shivtatva' from the atmosphere,
thus providing protection from the increasing
effect of the negative energies.
The Earth is a gross object.
Gross objects have very low velocities
i.e. they require more time to cover a specific distance in space. 
Gods on the other hand, are subtle hence they
are capable of traversing space within a few seconds. 
That is why one year on the earth
is equivalent to just one day of heaven.
Science in the worship of 
Lord Shiva on Mahashivratri
The function of the 
Emitting waves of Knowledge, 
Devotion and renunciation
'sattva' waves of knowledge,
'raja' waves of devotion 
'tama' waves of Renunciation (Vairagya)
are emitted by the 'Shivpindi'. 
During Mahashivratri, 
the emission increases by 30 percent.
Emission of subtle vibrations 
of chaitanya, bliss and peace
The 'Shivpindi' emits
subtle vibrations of chaitanya, bliss and peace. 
During the Mahashivratri, 
the emission increases by 25 percent. 
This helps purify the subtle-body of 
one who worships the Shivpindi on this day. 
The 'sun' or the 'moon' channels 
in the body get activated as per necessity. 
The capacity to absorb the sattvaguna
and chaitanya also increases. 
Due to the presence of the unmanifest
Shiva principle in the Shivpindi 
and the vibrations of peace emitted,
the Shivpindi remains cool and the
mind too experiences peace. 
Worship of Shivpindi with devotion, 
activates the dormant Shiva principle. 
An offering of puffed rice and milk
reaches Lord Shiva in the subtle form.
Receiving the
'tarak or marak tatva (element)' 
as required
There is a confluence of the manifest 
and the unmanifest elements along with the 
'tarak and marak tatva' in the Shivpindi. 
(Tarak = Saviour; Marak = Destroyer). 
That is how worshipers receive the required element. 
The temperature of the Shivpindi increases due 
to the emission of the marak tatva 
and there one experiences bliss.
when the tarak tatva is emitted,
the temperature drops and one experiences peace and bliss.
4. Bilvapatra (Bel leaves)
Bilvapatra contains 2% Shiva tatva. 
By offering bilvapatra to the Shivpindi on Mahashivratri, 
the manifest Shiva tatva near the stalk of 
the bilvapatra gets activated.
Due to this, waves of chaitanya as well as Shiva tatva
are emitted by the bilvapatra. 
The bilvapatra
attracts 20% of the Shiva tatva present in
the Shivpindi towards itself.
By immersing this bilvapatra 
in water or by placing it in grains,
the Shiva tatva present in the bilvapatra is transmitted to them.
The Shiva tatva in the bilvapatra 
is activated to a larger extent on Mondays 
when it transmits 10% of the Shiva tatva and sattvikta.
On other days only 1% of the Shiva tatva
is activated in the bilvapatra.
Offering bilvapatra 
to the Shivpindi and chanting the mantra 
'Om Namah Shivaya
with each offering is known as bilvarchan. 
Continue offering the bilvapatra until the pindi
is completely covered. 
Offer the bilvapatra from the lower part of the pindi. 
By starting from the feet of the idol, 
more benefit is derived and the idol 
can be covered completely.
Chanting on Mahashivratri 
'Om Namah Shivaya'
Om represents an unmanifest state beyond
the 3 gunas (elements of sattva, raja & tama). 
We bow to Lord Shiva, from whom Om was created.
What does the word 'Shiva' mean?
The word Shiva has been derived 
by reversing the letters of the word vash. 
Vash means to enlighten; thus the one 
who enlightens is Shiva. 
He remains radiant and also illuminates the universe.
He is the auspicious and
prosperity-bestowin g principle.
Some unique attributes
1. Physical attributes
a. Ganga : 
Just as the sun is the focal point of the solar system 
and the soul that of the body, 
the focal point of divine consciousness
(chaitanya) in every object and
pure particles (pavitrakas) is ga-aum. 
The flow from which ga-aum originates is gan gaha = Ganga.
Ga-aum flows from Shiva's head.
This is called the descent of the Ganga 
from Shiva's head. 
Since the river Ganga has a fraction 
of the principle of the spiritual Ganga, 
no matter how polluted it becomes,
its purity is perpetually retained. 
when compared to any other water in the world,
the water from the Ganga is the purest.
This is realised not only by those 
who can perceive the subtle dimension
but also by scientific researchers.
b. Moon : 
Shiva adorns the chandra (moon) on His forehead. 
The point where the three frequencies 
- affection (mamata), mercifulness (kshamashilata) 
and motherly love (vatsalya) originate 
is referred to as the chandra (moon). 
Thus, one can conclude that chandrama 
(the moon principle) is the state in 
which the three attributes of affection,
mercifulness and motherly love are present.
c. Third eye :
Shankar is three-eyed, 
i.e. He can perceive events of the past, present and future.
According to the science of Yoga
the third eye means the Sushumna nadi (channel).
d. Serpent : 
One of the Names of Lord Shankar is Bhujanga-patihari
Bhujang means a serpent or pure particles (pavitrakas) , 
pati means the nurturer and hari means one
with a garland around His neck.
Bhujangapatihari thus means the One 
who nurtures pure particles and wears them like a garland. 
Various serpents represent groups of pure particles. 
Though externally they appear like serpents, 
internally they are a kind of ladder. 
To make spiritual progress one has to climb
up holding onto the tail of the serpent.
Lord Shankar adorns serpents at nine points on His body 
- one on the head, 
one around the neck,
one on each arm,
one on each wrist, 
one around the waist and 
one on each thigh. 
This implies that His body is comprised
of pure particles or that serpents of pure particles 
play all over the body of Lord Shankar 
who has the universe as His form.
2. Spiritual attributes
a. One performing severe
austerities and the great yogi
Shiva is always seated in a bandha or a mudra.
His temperature rises due to heat generated 
by performing severe austerities;
Hence, He uses the Ganga, the moon and
serpents which endow a cooling effect 
and lives on the snow-clad Kailas mountain.
b. Short tempered
If someone disturbs His meditation
the radiance generated by spiritual practice 
will be suddenly expelled and whoever is in front of Him 
will not be able to tolerate it, and gets destroyed. 
This is referred to as being 'reduced to ashes
by Shankar's opening of the third eye'.
One who is willing to undergo 
any distress for the sake of imparting happiness to others
The poison 
generated during the churning
of the celestial ocean (samudramanthan)
was burning the entire Universe but no deity
came forward to accept it. 
At that time Shiva drank that poison 
and saved the world from destruction.
One who has both,
deities and demons, as His worshippers
Neither did demons 
like Banasur, Ravan, etc. 
worship Lord Vishnu nor did Lord Vishnu bestow 
any boon upon any demon. 
However, they worshipped Lord Shiva who blessed them.
e. Master of the spirits
Since Lord Shiva is the master of spirits,
His worshippers are generally not possessed by them.
Science in the idol - in the Human form
This represents the Brahman
in the form of the word (shabda Brahman). 
Alphabets consisting of the sounds of
fifty-two basic letters and the forms
of fourteen Maheshvar verses (sutras)
have generated from it.
Later the universe was created from these.
2. Trident :
represents the following -
The three components - sattva, raja and tama
The root of creation, sustenance and dissolution
Volition, knowledge and action
3. Noose (pash) : 
The noose represents the noose of time (kalpash) 
(The rope in Lord Ganapati's hand too is the same).
a. Application of holy ash (Bhasma)
Tripundra refers to the three horizontal 
stripes of holy ash applied to the forehead.
These stripes symbolise spiritual knowledge, 
purity and penance (spiritual practice of Yoga), 
so also they represent the three eyes of Lord Shiva.
b. Wearing a rudraksha
Wearing a rudraksha when worshipping Lord Shiva is ideal.
A rudraksha is reddish in colour with yellow stripes 
and is flat like a fish. 
On one side it has a slight opening which 
appears like an open mouth.
The rudraksha converts light frequencies of deities 
from the universe into sound frequencies in the 
body of humans and vice versa. 
As a result, humans can absorb frequencies of deities 
and thoughts can get converted into the language of deities.
A Genuine Rudraksha
The rudraksha absorbs sama (sattva) frequencies. 
Similarly sama frequencies are emitted by its crests.
A real rudraksha can be recognised by the
vibrations felt by holding it in the hand. 
At that time the body absorbs the
sama frequencies emitted by the rudraksha.
mostly Vikrutaksha is sold as a rudraksha. 
This is the seed of a type of wild berry. 
Vikrutaksha is used for sacrificial fires of
tantriks, black magic etc. 
by sorcerers.
c. Ritualistic worship of the pindi
Only cold water and bel is offered
to Lord Shankar's pindi. 
Neither is it bathed with milk and panchamrut 
(a mixture of milk, curds, ghee, sugar and honey) 
nor offered turmeric, vermilion (kumkum) 
or white consecrated rice (akshata). 
Milk and clarified butter (ghee) symbolise sustenance
while turmeric is an underground stem and represents
fertility of the soil, that is creation. 
Vermilion is prepared from turmeric. 
Since Lord Shiva is the deity of dissolution, 
substances such as milk, vermilion and 
turmeric are not used in His worship.
d. Circumambulation 
When circum-ambulating one should begin
from the left side and continue till the channel 
of the shalunka from where the water offered
during the ritualistic bathing (abhishek) flows. 
Without crossing it one should complete
a circum-ambulation by moving in the reverse direction up
to the other side of the channel.
The flow of a shalunka is not crossed 
as it is the flow of energy which adversely
affects the formation of semen and 
the five internal vital energies (pran vayu).
e. Chanting the Name of Lord Shiva
'Namaha Shivaya is Shiva's five-syllabled mantra. 
The spiritual meaning of each of the five syllables is:
na = Foremost deity of all the regions (lokas)
ma = Bestower of supreme spiritual knowledge (gyan) 
and redeemer of the greatest of sins
shi = Benevolent, serene and responsible for 
initiation by Lord Shiva 
va = Symbolic of a bull as the vehicle
and Vasuki and Vamangi energy (shakti) 
ya = Auspicious abode of Supreme Bliss and Lord Shiva. 
Hence, obeisance (namaskar) to these five syllables.
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